What are the characteristics of the Types of carpets loom used by carpet weavers and what are the differences between their models? These are questions that many lovers of handmade rugs are looking to understand, if you are a photo of a wooden rug or Look at the standard metal. You will probably come across different components and parts that make it unclear to you how they work.
In this article, we are going to examine the different types of carpets and different parts of Farahan carpet for you, and if you are going to buy or make it, we will deal with this issue at the end.
Before we get to know the Types of carpets loom , we try to examine and identify the various components and parts, especially the features that are fixed and the same among all models.
First of all, we recommend that you pay close attention to the photo above and keep it in mind, but do not forget, the names we use in different parts of this article may have different names in your area and place of residence. Here are some of the most commonly used names:
One of the specifications that is fixed in almost all models among different Types of carpets loom and we are going to check it for you, is skeletal.
As you know, the skeleton and the frame have four sides, two horizontal sides that are parallel to each other, their role in addition to creating the appearance, is to control the skeins. The upper cylindrical rod is called the sardar and the lower rod is called the lower cylinder, which can be either wooden or metal.
So far we have talked about horizontal bars and we also have two vertical bars whose job is to connect the commander to the subordinate and maintain them, which are called right bars.
Perhaps at first hearing this title, the question arises for you, what are these names for? In fact, all these 4 names indicate a device that is used among different types of carpet loom hangings, except for the “Turkish” hanger, which we will examine in the following.
Kojo is a rod made of wood or metal (depending on the skeleton of the carpet), which is approximately 5 cm in diameter, and its role in carpet weaving is to adjust the folds and separate them. This device also prevents the carpet from tilting. he does.
Basically, the use of kojo is used only in the weaving of hand-woven carpets, which are woven in the Persian method (carpets that are woven by hand and without the use of a rug).
As we have said, most types of carpets loom have a cocoon, which requires a cylindrical stick to facilitate weaving, which is called huff wood.
In fact, this wood, being located between Sardar and Kojo and with its ability to move up and down, can increase the cross-sectional distance between the beams, making the weeding operation much easier.
The lighter is in fact a part of the skeleton that is mostly used among the types of carpet hangers in the western provinces and Tabriz. The lighter is a cylindrical rod that is made of both wood and metal and is placed at a distance of 30 cm from the commander and works exactly like the commander.
The wedge is a triangular tongue that is used in wooden beams to loosen and tighten the weft, especially when they want to turn the carpet to the back.
In this way, the wedge is placed in the rectangular slit of the right face and by pounding the wedge inwards, the distance between the commander and the subordinate increases and the threads become tighter and the work of turning the carpet can be made much easier.
An important point to note when working with a wedge is this: If one wedge is struck harder or looser than the other, the hanger will deviate from its original shape and the carpet will tilt.
When we talk about handmade carpets and this original Iranian art, there is an image of it that is engraved in our minds at the beginning of the work, which can be said to be one of the most important components of this art and its texture. Carpet hanger is not only for use in handmade carpet weaving, and you can see options among the types of carpet hanger that are also used for jajim and kilim weaving.
There are different divisions and divisions about different types of carpets loom hangers, and if we want to introduce the main one, which is accepted by almost all carpet weaving specialists, it is horizontal and vertical carpet hangers, which, of course, also have vertical carpet hangers. Other models are divided.
It is necessary to point out that today a new model is growing among the types of carpets loom hangers that many people consider it as a third category that can be added to horizontal and vertical hangers, the name of these hangers is “smart”.
Among the existing types of carpets loom , horizontal, which is also known as lying and terrestrial, is the oldest type that its use is obsolete in other areas except villages, tribes and nomads, and to the extent that even In many museums, this type of carpets loom is used as a symbol of Iranian beads.
The components of these poles are the sardar, the zirdar, the huff, the koji, and the four wooden or metal nails by which they are driven and restrained on the ground.
Among the types of horizontal or lying model carpets, it has its own advantages and disadvantages. The most important advantages of terrestrial carpets are that they are easily portable for you and also have a low price, and for nomads living in tents with low living height. They are easier to install and use.
Back pain, back pain, back pain, lack of proper growth of the pelvis and difficult delivery are among the most important problems that occur for horizontal carpet weavers and are generally not considered a suitable and standard option at all. They are forgetting a lot of space they occupy.
After the development of carpet weaving and carpet weaving in Iran, the same problems and defects of carpet weaving were eliminated and different types of carpets loom weaving were replaced by horizontal models.
In terms of dimensions, size and also the material used in the hanger (metal or wood) there is not much difference between horizontal and vertical models, the most important and main issue is the type of installation.
Vertical beams are being produced and used in 3 main models: fixed beams (Persian), Turkish beams (Tabrizi) and revolving beams, each of which has its own characteristics. Of course, it is necessary to say that there are lighters that we have already explained enough about in this article.
Among the types of carpets loom hangers that exist, fixed hangers are the best option for weaving large and at the same time delicate carpets. This type of vertical hanger goes to a height of 30 to 40 cm into the ground and is fixed.
The Persian design is such that with increasing the length of the woven carpet, the height of the weaver must also change, therefore, weavers who use these weavers basically use two ladders and a sitting board that can pass Change your altitude time.
It is true that the name of this type is Tabrizi, but this does not mean that it is used only in this region of our country, it happens to be very popular among Turkish carpets due to its ease of use.
This type consists of sardar, zirdar, straight, base, huff and bench, in which the strands are wrapped around the sardar and under, and in fact, after weaving, a part of the carpet is transferred to the back by performing the act of lowering the woven parts. An important advantage to the weaver is that he no longer needs to be at high altitudes for carpet weaving.
In examining the last option among the types of carpet hangers, one can go to the revolving hanger, which, as its name suggests, its standard construction and design is such that its commander and subordinate are driven by levers around its axis. Rotate.
If you pay attention to the vertical photographers, sometimes you will see levers that are placed to rotate the head and the bottom, by which the extra strands are wrapped around the head, and after this your carpet was slightly woven, the woven parts It is wrapped on the underside and the extra strands of the commander are left on the other side.
In this article, we tried to review the types of carpets loom at Farhan carpets and tell you everything you need to know about it. Many of these carpets, whether metal or wood, are used for weaving modern and traditional handmade carpets. .