Knowing Gabbeh and examining its features is one of the specialized cases that it is necessary to look at it from different angles to understand it. Gabbeh is one of the original manifestations of Iranian culture and art that has its own unique characteristics. Many experts refer to Gabbeh as a handmade rug that differs from handmade rugs only in the size of the pile, but it should be said that this may seem right at first glance, but the reality is something else and the differences are only in this one. The case is not summarized.
In this article, we intend to give a general overview of Gabbeh’s knowledge of Farahan Carpet, and then try to express it by expressing the specialized features and types of this work of art, which is a kind of symbol of Iranian origin, history and culture. Introduce you completely and in the end we will examine its advantages and disadvantages.
In recognizing Gabbeh and answering the question, what is Gabbeh? There are many things to mention that we will tell you one by one and try to answer all your questions about it.
It is a bit difficult and inaccessible to say where Gabbeh’s name comes from and where its history begins, because so far no specific source has been able to provide accurate information about Gabbeh’s history.
But in knowing Gabbeh, what is quite clear is that Gabbeh is one of the types of handmade carpets that has a long sleep and has the right texture.
In the past, various interpretations of the name Gabbeh have been offered, from the word “Geer” meaning protection to the word “ugly” meaning ugly and ordinary. But what we see today in the literal meaning of “Gabbeh” in Dehkhoda Dictionary is different from these two interpretations and it is thick, rough and rough, which is perhaps the closest and most correct interpretation of Gabbeh.
In recognizing Gabbeh, as we have mentioned, you are accompanied by a carpet and underlay that has a large texture and long feathers, the material used for its texture is fleece and goat.
Gabbehs are smaller in size and dimensions than carpets, which can almost be said to have more dimensions similar to a rug.
A unique feature that can be said about Gabbeh is the use of more fabrics than machine and hand rugs. The number of wefts of some gabbehs sometimes reaches from three to eight wefts in each ridge and the height of the villi sometimes up to one centimeter.
The use of more fabrics in Gabbeh than carpets has made Gabbehs have a softer material than other carpets, and this is one of the reasons for Gabbeh’s high popularity.
As in the previous sections in recognizing Gabbeh, we dealt with the issue that the type of texture is not very different from the carpet and the main difference is in the dimensions of Gabbeh and the size of the piles.
Gabbeh is actually a type of carpet with a coarse texture that is basically and most often woven in the “Persian weaving” method, but this rule is not permanent and there are knots that are used in the “Turkish weaving” method among different tribes and nomads. “They use it for the texture of their cats.
One of the main differences between carpet texture and Gabbeh is the choice of type used. As you know, the most common type of carpet weaver is among vertical carpet weavers, but this is completely different in Gabbeh weave, and horizontal (ground) weavers are used, which is almost zero for weaving hand-woven carpets. it is arrived.
Continuing to know Gabbeh and its texture, it should be said that except for the carpet hanger, almost all other tools used for Gabbeh texture and carpet are the same; The most important of these tools are scrapers, scissors, scissors and sometimes hooks used in Turkish textures.
One of the main issues and differences that can be expressed about Gabbeh in relation to both handmade and machine-made carpets; Each Gabbeh design is special and unique compared to the other design.
From the ancient past, if we take a look at the originality of Gabbeh weaving, we will see that Gabbeh weavers in nomads and tribes have neither their beauty nor for sale, but the need to have a quality undergarment.
According to the above argument, it is possible to understand in Gabbeh’s knowledge that when Gabbeh was to be used as a personal consumption, then why should it be used at all on a pre-designed map or design.
Therefore, it can be said that you will not find almost any hand-made Gabbeh that is 100% the same, because Gabbeh weavers start weaving Gabbeh based on their mental imagination and from their positions and surroundings in Gabbeh weave. It benefits and, in a way, Gabbeh is the handiwork of the weaver’s thoughts and imaginations.
Of course, today, with the expansion of machine weaving, the use of ready-made designs has become popular and the weaving speed has increased compared to the old times.
It is a bit difficult and somewhat impossible to get to know Gabbeh and its designs and patterns one by one, due to the high diversity in texture, so we try to make the most important type of designs used in Gabbeh. Introduce you briefly:
The lion design can be introduced as the only design that is common among Iranian weavers, which is very popular and famous.
The brick design, which is a popular design, is woven from regular frames next to each other.
Gabbeh flower design, which is called the role of roses in Gabbeh.
The role of the Gabbeh pond, which is located in the middle of Gabbeh, is called the design of a bergamot, from which flowers have grown.
Eilat role; Designs are said to consist of circles, squares, and rhombuses that are filled with motifs of nature and life around the tribes, hence the name tribal design.
The design of a tree that you must have guessed by hearing the name refers to the texture of motifs from various trees in Gabbeh, the two most famous of which are the cedar and willow trees.
An issue that can be very important in recognizing Gabbeh, especially for shopping, is the advantages and disadvantages of Gabbeh, and in fact, the answer to the question is whether buying Gabbeh is a logical thing or not? We will try to clarify this issue for you in several points:
First point: in terms of durability and strength, Gabbeh carpet can be considered as one of the best shopping options, which hardly loses its beauty and charm.
Second point: in terms of beauty, which is a matter of taste, and it depends on you which option you prefer, but among the gabbehs and handmade carpets, in terms of beauty, it can be said that victory is with handmade carpets.
Third point: in terms of set, we can say that with the growth and expansion of various Gabbeh models, whether machine or handmade; It is possible to buy suitable Gabbeh for almost any decoration, modern Gabbeh can be used for modern and minimal styles, and traditional Gabbeh designs for classic decoration.
Tip 4: In terms of ease of use and physical relaxation on it, after these things that we have said so far to know Gabbeh, it can be concluded that Gabbeh is one of the best options to buy, in terms of warmth and softness of In terms of flooring (because of the long villi).
Tip 5: In terms of peace of mind, it should be said that Gabbeh as a handicraft from the imagination and spirits of nomadic men and women can be a great option.
In this article, we have made every effort to be able to fully state all the points you need to introduce and recognize Gabbeh, and if you also have any points or questions about Gabbeh and its features, we will be happy. Share with us in the comments section.