Harris carpet is one of the symbols of Iranian and Iranian art in the world, and seeing its patterns and drawings almost well reflects the reason for the popularity of this carpet in the world. Harris city, which is located in East Azarbaijan province, shows well that the art of carpet weaving and hand-woven carpet weaving in this province is not only focused on Tabriz city, and Harris carpets have been able to use various designs due to the use of various designs. Offer unique designs not only to Iran but to the whole world.
In this article of Farahan Carpet , we intend to first give a general introduction of Harris Carpets and try to introduce you to the complete works of Harris County by introducing the special and special specifications of these carpets.
Perhaps it can be said with certainty that Harris city is not as well known in our country as it is in the world and among countries such as the United States, Canada, Germany, etc., the reason for this popularity is the wonderful handmade carpets of this city. .
Although the original name of this city is Harris in Persian, but in different countries of the world, this city is known as Heriz and the carpets of this city are one of the best options for decorating houses due to the special harmony of its designs with western decoration. And they know their cultural and artistic centers.
To put it simply, the carpets of this city can be considered as antique and luxury carpets that have a high price due to special designs, but it is interesting to know that even many centers due to these special designs The important palaces in Europe and the world are also decorated with this carpet, which can be introduced as one of the most important centers of the White House.
After explaining, the question that arises here is what are the characteristics of Harris or Harris carpet that has made the carpets of this city so popular? To find out, we recommend that you do not miss the next part.
When you are going to examine the properties and characteristics of an object, it is necessary to examine all its external and internal dimensions.
In the case of handmade rugs, and here specifically for Harris rugs, these include, ………., which we will explain to you one by one.
In terms of dimensions of handmade carpets, it can be said that the variety of production in this city is very high and the use of dimensions (1.5 * 1 – 4 * 3 – 2 * 2 – 3.5 * 2.5 – 3 * 3 and 3 * 2) and with Rajshmar 15 to 30 is common.
But in the meantime, it can be said that the most important dimensions used for carpet weaving in this city are carpets with an area of 6, 12 and 20 meters, but as we said, carpets with different sizes and dimensions are woven.
The theme that is the same among all the designs of handmade carpets is the effect of the geographical area on the texture of the carpet, which is why you can easily guess at a glance and observe the carpet in which texture. The region was from Iran, Harris carpet is no exception.
One of the characteristics of the designs and drawings of this carpet is that it does not use curved lines in its texture, and of course, what you will see in Beaufort is the use of Islamic geometric shapes and broken lines.
If we want to name the designs and maps that are used in Harris area, we should say: Tajri, Saburi, Rozgol, Hayat Gol, Tavakoli, Samad Khan, Chalangari, Afshan, etc.
The point that we may need to make here is that many people believe that none of the designs actually happen, because the weavers of this region are more interested in the designs than they want to be. They move forward based on their inspiration and imagination.
If we want to talk a simple sentence about the color of Harris carpet, we must say that the carpets in this area are a symbol of the use of different contrasts that are used everywhere.
From contrast in dark and light colors to contrast in the rhythm of carpet coloring and other things, but in general, most of these carpets have a dark color and the reason for this is the high interest in using colors such as dark red (Lucky), crimson, brown and beige.
The use of colors taken from the heart of nature with the creative mind of the weaver gives special designs and colors to the Harris carpet.
An issue that may be a bit challenging and different opinions are expressed about it, is the ideas used in the texture of Harris carpet, according to a tradition in history, this issue is raised that:
One of the merchants of Tabriz took a typical design of Taranjai elastic battalion to Hariz city and in this city the weavers turned it into broken lines and created a general idea for the weaving of carpets in this region, but the question is if this really is the case. That’s right, so why should only the people of this region from East Azerbaijan Province do this and even the cities around Hariz have a different style?
But the more correct belief that can be expressed about the design and idea of the maps of this region is the use of myths (original and cream) and vegetation of the region to create different motifs.
Therefore, it is not far-fetched that the designs used in different areas are slightly similar, and this does not indicate copying.
Religious beliefs, life tools, animals and plants can also be introduced as other sources of ideas used in the designs of these wonderful handmade carpets.
One of the things that can be said that there is no doubt in it is the high quality and extraordinary durability of the carpets in this area, which has long been famous in general and in particular.
In the past, Harris carpet weavers produced delicate and beautiful handmade silk carpets, so much so that many people could not see the difference between Tabriz and Hariz carpets when they saw them, but over time, the use of wool , Replaced silk in Hariz carpets.
Using wool not only did not reduce the quality of carpets in this area, but also achieved a very high durability in them, which is due to the use of very high quality wool.
It is interesting to know that researchers and experts in handmade carpets believe that in Harris County, due to the existence of copper mines, the water of the rivers from which the sheep feed has copper in its composition, which makes the quality of the sheep’s wools of good quality. Enjoy very high.
If we want to express the quality and durability of Harris carpets to you in one sentence, we must say; Carpets in this area can be easily used for more than tens of years if used properly.
In terms of density, the Harris carpet can be considered as one of the almost low density categories, and its amount is approximately about a thousand knots per square decimeter.
In terms of lint, it should be said that in Hariz carpet, you are facing a long lint that not only did not have negative effects on the texture of this type of carpet, but because of these long lint, it was able to create a comfort and a good feeling for those who walk on it. Slowly
Of course, it is necessary to point out that the subject we are discussing is the specifications of Harris carpets at the moment, and if we want to pay attention to the old weaves of this city, we can see many examples of handmade carpets with short and delicate lint. We will.
In terms of examining the knot in these rugs, it should be said that the knot used in this carpet is Turkish. We have reviewed different types of carpet knots in the past and if you need enough information about it, we recommend that you read it after this article.
In the previous sections, we mentioned that in the texture of Hariz handmade rugs, the main focus is on the use of color contrast, but it is necessary to know that these colors and contrasts all originate from the heart of nature.
Hariz carpet dye is used from natural plants in this area, the most important of which are; Ronas, Zalir, Tolokh Gypsy, onion skin, Qara Choop (black wood), Nile Calcutta, Doeh Qolaghi (camel ear), Ashgon root, etc., each of which is used to produce a specific color.
The use of these medicinal plants, in addition to the quality of a harmony, gives this carpet an extraordinary color and the dark colors used in it, including; Crimson, garlic brown, navy red and green have high resolution and durability.
In this article from Farahan Carpet, we did our best to introduce you to everything you need to know about Harris Carpet, but if you still have a question or point about this carpet, share it with us in the comments section. put.