Chale handwoven carpet is one of the most common terms that you will come across if you love carpet weaving, and many of you may have been asked, what is the meaning of this term and what is its use in the weaving of carpets and rugs?
In this article about Farahan carpet, we will first check what is a hand-woven carpet and what is its use in carpet weaving, and then we will check its types for you and we will study the difference between wool, cotton and silk models. did
The definition of chele in hand-woven and machine-made carpets has a clear and identical definition, but here we specifically intend to talk about the chele of hand-woven carpets.
The carpet is a three-dimensional texture that consists of three main parts: length, width and height. The width or width of the carpet, which is called carpet weft in specialized terminology. The height part, which in the terminology is called carpet pile, and the length or warp part of the carpet, which in the term of carpet weaving is called hand-woven carpet skein.
If we want to express it more simply; Threads that are placed parallel to each other and with equal tensile strength in the longitudinal direction on the rug are called chele, and the act of placing these chele threads on the rug is called chele, and it is a kind of foundation work and It does the carpet infrastructure.
If you still don’t understand what we mean by cheleh? Just get up right now and look at the back of one of the carpets in your home to see the white threads that are placed lengthwise in the structure of the carpet, these white threads are the chela.
The task of cheleh in a hand-woven carpet is to keep the piles or creams of the carpet firmly, which depends on the size of the carpet, whether it is fine or long-textured, the raw materials used in the texture, and other cases, there are different models that the master craftsman who pulls the carpet does, using these items and the map of the carpet, it determines exactly how many threads or threads the carpet needs.
In general, there are 3 main models of hand-woven carpets used for weaving; They are Turkish, Persian, and Al-Talifiqi, depending on the type of carpet that is going to be woven, choose one of them, but in general, Turkish carpet is used more than the other two models.
This type of threading requires very high precision, the working method is that two parallel threads are tied transversely on the frame, which are called the two threads of the zahwarah. Now, depending on whether Shirazeh Farsh is a couple or single, they pass the chela under and over the zahwar. This work is done according to the number of threads that the master craftsman has found suitable for the carpet.
In fact, one person passes the chela from below and hands it to the second person on the other side. After passing the string, the second person returns it to the first person. Repeating this work places the warp threads next to each other and parallel.
The advantage of Turkish to Persian and combined cheleh is that because of its order and accuracy, it makes the weaver have more control when weaving the carpet.
Persian cheleh-kashi, considering that it is first drawn on the ground and then transferred to the bar, does not have a very high order and accuracy.
The working method is as follows: First, the craftsman places three rods with a diameter of about one and a half centimeters and a length of one meter on the ground, and considers the thread one meter more than the required length. Around these bars, drawing is done on the ground. In this way, three poles are placed at a distance of one and three meters and the string is tied around the first one. He passes under the second one and bypasses the third one. On the way back, however, it passes through bar 2 and under bar 1.
As its name suggests, combined chelkeshi is a combination of Persian chelkeshi and combination, which is used in very limited cases.
So far, we have known the types of hand-woven rugs, but the types of fibers used for rugs are also different; Wool, cotton and silk are the three main materials that are used in rugs, and each of them has special characteristics and specifications, depending on the type of carpet, one of them is chosen.
When the weaver wants to weave a delicate and finely woven carpet, he needs a strong structure of the skein to be able to withstand the weight and density of the knots, so he should go for threads with great delicacy and strength that the palms Silk is the best option.
Silk threads or chele are produced in silk-making factories from silkworm cocoons, and the carpets that use these fibers for chele have a special elegance and thinness, and at the same time, they are very resistant.
Many people say that carpets with silk piles have a higher beauty than wool and cotton piles, but this is wrong, because carpet piles, as we said, are hidden in the structure of the carpet and are not visible at all. which make the carpet beautiful, but this beauty is due to the delicate and silky piles of the carpet, not the piles.
A cotton shawl is a shawl whose thread is made of cotton. Cotton is obtained from the fibers of the cocoon, the cotton plant, whose thread is produced as raw thread or single-ply thread in cotton ginning factories and enters the market.
The fibers extracted from cotton have a cellulosic nature and are used more than other fibers for fabric and thread, and that is why it is so economically important in the world that it is called “white gold”. given.
In order to use cotton, it is made into a wide shape and strands to be long and twisted together, by doing this, the soft fibers of this plant are transformed into threads with high endurance, and from it to produce fabric and especially the texture of handwoven carpets. is used
The thing that should be mentioned about the hand-woven cotton carpet is that the common thread in the market is white, but depending on the weaver’s order, it may change color and blue and red can also be used, and you can find it in the article on cotton carpet Read its full description.
You should know that wool is obtained naturally from the hair of animals such as sheep, goat or camel, and after it is turned into thread, they weave carpets with it.
For various reasons, in the past, sheep’s wool was used for wool. Among these reasons, we can mention the following: ease of access, heat-generating properties, durability, strength, and the lack of sufficient facilities for the production of cotton thread.
Today, instead of wool, cotton thread is used for handwoven carpets. Sometimes, in some nomadic and tribal areas, woolen thread is still used to weave handwoven carpets.
After the reviews that we have done so far about hand-woven carpets, we are going to study the characteristics and types of fibers of all kinds of hand-woven carpets for you.
In general, among the specifications of the types of handmade carpets, one of the important features is the type of fibers and threads used in it. It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that the material of the chela can be completely different depending on the structure of the carpet:
1. All-wool carpets: according to the basic rule of the texture of this type of carpets, all the fibers should be made of wool, but today, in many cases, cotton fibers are used in the pile or warp of these carpets, and only the piles are wool.
2. All-silk carpet: All-silk hand-woven carpets need to be beautiful and elegant, so the fibers used for the chela are made of silk.
3. Silk flower carpets: In this type of carpets, which are woven from wool, the difference is that silk is used instead of wool in the patterns and around the edges, and usually the pile of these types of carpets is made of silk. .
4. Silk floor carpets: For this type of carpets, silk skeins are used for texture, and only in their field, instead of using wool piles, silk piles are used.
5. Souf carpet: Generally, the warp or the same thread in Souf carpets is made of silk. But sometimes cotton is also used.
6. Silk fluff carpet: This type of carpet, which is not very common because of the high price, has fluff and silk tufts, sometimes the tuft is made of cotton or linen.
If you are planning to buy a hand-woven carpet and you have this question about which type of carpet is the most suitable option, you should pay attention to various points so that you can make the best decision:
Carpets woven with cotton and silk piles are safe from pests, while wool piles do not have this advantage.
The carpet woven with silk thread has the longest lifespan, followed by cotton and wool threads.
Carpets woven with silk and cotton piles maintain the structure of the carpet better than wool piles because of their less stretchy properties.
It is better to use silk and cotton blankets for those who have allergies and sensitivities.
Carpets woven with silk threads are more elegant than cotton and wool threads.
In terms of price, the silk shawl has the highest price and the wool shawl has the lowest price.
In general, in terms of quality, carpets that use silk and cotton are better than wool carpets.
In terms of softness and softness, silk and cotton shawls are a better option than woolen shawls.
Cotton wool has a good resistance to heat, alkali and humidity and is more durable.
Chele wool carpets are thicker and coarser compared to silk and cotton carpets.
Because of their reasonable price, wool pile carpets are a more suitable option for high-traffic areas of the house.
Woolen and cotton blankets are a better option for cold and mountainous areas due to the temperature balance.
Wool rugs can have a great role and effect in relieving pain, improving body blood circulation, comfortable sleep, etc.
In this article, we have tried to check all the necessary points about hand-woven carpet rugs for you, but if you still have questions about rugs, you can share them with us in the comments section.