Handmade carpets are one of the most attractive and beautiful works of art of carpet weavers that many of us enjoy seeing. Carpets are divided into two main categories, manual and machine, and each has its own specifications and features that you need to be familiar with when buying.
In this article, we are going to review zero to one hundred handmade and to some extent machine-made carpets from Farahan Carpet for you and introduce the specifications and features of a quality and good carpet.
If you are one of those people who do not know much about carpets at all, we must say in simple language that the carpet is actually the carpet in small dimensions.
In general, anything that can be expanded; Such as carpet, zillow, mat, carpet, etc. are called in the term carpet.
Now any carpet that has knots, that is, is woven from the knots together, is called a rug. Now any carpet that is small in size and size (20 * 20 cm to 2 * 3 meters) is taken in the term carpet. I hope we have made it clear 🙂
In most cases, carpets are placed inside the frame and are installed on the walls of the house to make the house beautiful and attractive. Since these paintings are a symbol of antiquity, originality, history and special Iranian culture, they give a special beauty and color to your home.
The history of handmade carpets has always been accompanied by many ambiguities and speculations, but studies show that the years 345 to 435 BC is the beginning of carpet weaving in Iran and from the very beginning there has been carpet weaving. Of course not in the modern sense of carpet!
If we want to express more precisely, we must say; The development of carpet weaving in Iran started from the Achaemenid period and it was during the Sassanid period that the weaving of handmade carpets became popular in Iran.
The weaving of carpets continued until almost 80 years ago, the people of one of the cities of East Azerbaijan province called Sardrood decided to continue weaving carpets professionally.
The use of a variety of colors and elegance in the weavings of the city of Sardrood caused this city to gain worldwide fame in the texture of carpets, to the point that today Sardrood is called as the capital of world carpets.
Carpets are divided into two main categories, handmade and machine, each with its own characteristics.
Handmade carpets, in addition to being beautiful, have a special age and originality, and have a much higher price than machine-made ones. But if you do not care much about the art of the work and you are just looking for a beautiful work for your home that has a lower price, machine-made carpets are a good option for you.
Iranian handmade carpets are very famous and not only in Iran; Rather, European, American, Arab and Chinese countries are very eager to buy them.
As we have said, the best producer of handmade carpets is Sardrood, but the best producer of machine-made carpets is Kashan, which has always had a high reputation and popularity in the field of machine-made carpets.
As we have said, carpets are woven and produced in small sizes for which standard sizes; The sizes are 50 * 35, 70 * 50, 100 * 70, 120 * 80, 150 * 100 and 300 * 200. These sizes are used for weaving different designs of carpets, the most important of which we will introduce to you below:
Natural landscapes: As its name implies, this type of carpet uses natural landscapes such as rivers, trees, forests, flowers, etc.
Animals: We Iranians have always been sensitive and kind to the animals we live in. The use of natural images of animals is also very much present in our carpets.
Flowers: includes the use of images related to decorative and natural bouquets.
People: This type of carpet, which has become very common in the modern world, uses images of world-famous people to weave the painting, which is often woven as a single, custom carpet.
Face: This type of design also includes images related to the faces of famous music and cinema artists.
Combination: From its name, it can be guessed that in the design of this type of paintings, a combination of images of natural landscapes, animals, historical monuments, etc. is used.
Verses: This type of carpet design, which was more common in the past, was woven from Quranic verses and hadiths.
In general, handmade carpet fibers are of great importance, because in a way, the quality of carpets and rugs has a direct relationship with the material of the fibers.
The fibers or yarns used in carpets are different depending on the region and raw materials available in the province of carpet weaving and carpets, the most important classification of which is as follows:
Wool fibers: Wool can be introduced as the most widely used raw material for weaving all kinds of handmade carpets and rugs, which is prepared and used from sheep wool.
The wool has different quality depending on the breed of sheep and the forage from which the sheep feed. Among the carpet weaving regions, the western and northwestern provinces of Iran have the highest quality wool.
Cotton fibers: After wool, cotton is definitely the most widely used type of yarn and fiber, which many of us also know as flax.
The use of cotton is more useful for warp and weft than it is for hand-woven rugs. Cotton gives a very high durability and strength to the woven carpet.
Silk fibers: The silk used in carpets is divided into two categories, natural and synthetic, among which the use of natural silk cocoons; Gives a special beauty, elegance and softness to the carpet, which makes the final product have a very high price.
Fluffy fibers: Fluff is also obtained from the body of animals, which has a very high price. The reason for this is its rarity compared to wool.
In fact, fluff is a thin fiber that collects on the wool and skin of animals and has a special softness.
Acrylic fibers: The price of these yarns is cheaper than natural yarns, and carpets woven with it in most cases have a much more reasonable price.
At the end of what has been said about carpets, the question arises for us that when buying them, what should we pay attention to in order to have a safe and correct purchase?
1. The originality of handmade carpets is very important. Special and original carpets have a texture certificate that is registered on the back of the work. Check it at the time of purchase.
2. Another characteristic of the quality and originality of the carpet is that it is not tilted. To check this, check it from the back of the board, because it is not very recognizable from it.
3. A very important point when buying is to buy unpaved carpets and then frame it yourself. Because many defects of the carpet can not be detected by framing it.
4. Examining the back of handmade carpets will make many things visible to you. Items such as fine or coarse weaving of the board, the type of knots used, the accuracy of the weaver’s shoulders and other items.
5. Not only the texture of the carpet is important, “payment” is one of the most important steps to have a good carpet, which if not done properly can reduce the beauty and value of the whole work.
In this article, we tried to review all the necessary points and features for buying and recognizing handmade and machine-made carpets. But if you have any questions or ambiguities about the content and topics mentioned, you can share it with us in the comments section.