What is Sarouk carpet and where does it come from? What is its price and what are its features? These are the most important questions that many carpet lovers have about Sarooq carpet. It is interesting that the world fame of Sarouk carpets is much more than its fame in Iran, the reason for this may be the lack of marketing and accurate introduction of the carpets of this city, which has made it as worthy of weaving in this region, Knowledge has not happened about it.
In this article, we intend to talk about Farahan carpets in detail about Sarouk carpets and the features and specifications of carpets in this region, and to tell you everything you need to know about buying carpets in this region.
Sarooq is a small town in the north of Arak, which is located 45 km away. Geographically, the city is located in an almost mountainous area with a cold and dry climate.
Sarooq is located in an area where most people work in animal husbandry and agriculture, and since ancient times (more than 700 years) carpet weaving has been a common and main activity, especially among women in this area.
Carpet weaving in Markazi province and the cities of this province has a very long history and especially since the Qajar period, this province became one of the major centers of Iranian carpet weaving. In this province, 3 cities of Arak (Old Sultanabad), Farahan and Sarough The main of these centers can be introduced and the three main sides of the carpet weaving triangle of this province can be introduced.
Besides the city of Sarouk, there are other villages and small towns in which the texture of the carpet is also of great importance, and the village of Jiria can be introduced as one of the most important ones.
In many sources, we see that Sarouk carpet is equivalent to Arak carpet (Sultanabad carpet) and introduces all the same specifications, while both types of carpet may be of high quality, but in terms of The structures are generally different. At present, more than 60% of carpet production in Arak region is of Sarooq type.
The general structure and type of the main texture of the carpet is fine-textured, in which the size of the villi is very short. The height of the piles in Sarooq carpet is less than 10 mm in most cases and it is woven in Persian weaving style with 25 to 35 folds in each knot.
The same type of texture and short size of the villi make the final effect look like a hard and compact board and in this respect it is considered as one of the unique examples.
In more than 90% of the cases, the selected weavers in this area are vertical weavers and except for very limited cases in some villages of this region, horizontal weavers are not used.
As we mentioned at the beginning of the article, one of the main occupations of the people of Sarouk region is livestock and agriculture. This is why many of the colors used in Sarooq carpets are made from natural materials that are grown by farmers in the same area.
On the other hand, the raw materials used for weaving Sarooq carpet are also natural and in many cases are from the wool of cattle and sheep in this area.
Animal-derived fibers, such as wool and silk, have a protein structure that is divided into acidic and alkaline.
When you use fibers with this structure, it is natural to connect colors to their molecules. You should use colors that have a similar structure and specific to them, so your colors should also have an acidic and alkaline structure and should be natural in a way. .
In Sarooq carpet, this issue is well observed and the use of natural colors, which are often dark, is a priority; The list of the most important colors used in the works of this region is as follows: copper, doughi, oak, beige, blue, lacquer, mud, cream, and crimson
The fact that Sarouk carpet has been able to be extremely popular not only in Iran but also in many countries of the world, is due to the use of extraordinary designs and designs.
In fact, it is the design of handmade carpets that makes many differences and makes some carpets have a very high value and others are considered as cheap handmade carpets.
One of the most important advantages and features of Sarouk carpet is these attractive designs. In ancient times, most of the carpets and rugs in Sarough city were inspired by the role of bergamot and the color of the text of most of them was cream and azure, but over time these designs were partial. It underwent changes and today most of the maps of this area are in the form of a global plan of flowers and leaves.
Today, due to the global fame of Sarooq carpets, it is observed that some countries of the world (especially China) export carpets with the name of Sarooq to different parts of the world by illegally copying indigenous and unique maps of this region, but Experts in this field can easily identify the original roles of this region.
The most important original maps of Sarooq are: maps of chicken and fish, mustofi, curtain and flowers and plants. Machine drawings, curtain drawings, European screws, Shah Abbasi, Afshan and Toranj with flowers and animals are among the drawings that were later used as a model for Saroughi carpet weavers.
Among the designs of Saroogh carpets, there is a special type of design called American flower Saroogh carpet, which is the reason why the Americans commissioned this type of design from Ziegler Company in Arak in the late 12th and early 13th centuries.
The original design of this type of design was designed by the Americans themselves according to the wishes and tastes of the people of their own country, and this issue caused the designs of this style to be known as American Sarooq carpets from then on.
Since carpet weaving in Sarooq region has a very long history and has a very high value, the emergence of great and prominent masters in this field is quite natural.
The fact that Sarooq carpet has been able to have a high position among the countries of the world after many years is the existence of these prominent and special masters who were able to present valuable works to the world by creating unique designs and drawings.
Great masters have been engaged in drawing Saroogh carpets. Master Issa Bahadori, who was once the director of Isfahan Carpet Conservatory, is one of the most important of these masters. And the thieves take a pattern from it.
Other old and famous masters of Sarooq include: Abtahi, Houshangi, Chegni, Farhang, Savarabadi, and the Tehrani brothers.
But there are still masters who, despite the difficulties and hardships in this field, now offer unique designs and drawings to the carpet weavers of this region, among which Ismail Khan Farahani, Astana, Hamidi and Ebrahimi from The most important of these professors are.
And in the end, it is necessary for us to point out in Farahan carpet that carpet weaving is an important and inseparable part of the lives of the people of Sarooq, and in a way, this art is intertwined with the fabric of their lives.
Sarough carpet designs show the thoughts, feelings, tastes, aspirations, desires and values of men and women in this region and it is necessary that the officials and the government of Iranian men to make more efforts to preserve this art in this region and not allow young people Due to living problems and lack of facilities, this area will move from this area to bigger cities and the lights of exquisite and valuable carpets will be turned off in this area.
It is very bitter and unfortunate that many carpet lovers in Iran do not know where and what Sarooq carpet is, while this carpet is very well known and famous in many parts of the world.