Handmade carpet fibers have always been one of its strengths and advantages over machine-made carpets and synthetic fibers used in them. But the same yarns used in rugs also have different types, wool, silk, fluff and linen are the four main fibers that are used in carpet weaving that can be used in rugs and carpets. .
In this article of Farahan Carpet, we intend to first, after examining the characteristics of different types of handmade carpet fibers, go to how to use these yarns in carpets, and in a way, we will express the quality of carpets based on the type of yarn.
As we have mentioned, there are 4 main types of cotton, silk, fluff and linen, which depending on the use of each of these handmade carpet fibers, you will be faced with a special characteristic of that carpet, so if you are looking to buy a carpet, be sure to You expect your rug to check with the yarn for compatibility.
Among the fibers of handmade carpets, wool can definitely be introduced as one of the most important ones. In Iran, we are breeding sheep in different parts of the country, whose wool can be used to weave handmade carpets.
Studies show that more than 70% of Iranian sheep wool is very suitable for use in the carpet weaving industry due to its diameter and high quality. It is better to know that the standard diameter for use in carpet weaving is 30 to 40 microns and A few more tips about these fibers:
The use of fleece in mountainous areas with temperate climates is a better option for carpet weaving.
In dyeing handmade carpets, it is recommended to look for white wool, because it has a higher dyeability than other colors.
Fleece season also affects its quality and spring wool is better than autumn wool.
Washing wool is one of the important steps in creating quality fibers, the presence of various impurities in wool such as sand, body fat, animal urine and sweat, etc. will greatly reduce the quality of work.
Among the fibers of handmade carpets, cotton can definitely be introduced as the most common and widely used option. The use of cotton for the weaving of Iranian carpets is a very common issue, and there are many reasons for this, some of which are mentioned below. We will:
The first reason for this is the high strength of cotton compared to other fibers such as wool and silk.
The second reason can be attributed to the high resistance of these fibers to pests, unlike other yarns, pests such as willow do not tend to eat cotton, and this is why in carpets with cotton yarn, when in They should be exposed to corrosion and only the villi should be eaten and their webs and fabrics should not be damaged.
The third reason should be considered in the type of weaving of Iranian carpets, considering that in many parts of Iran, coarse weaving is a priority for weavers, which has made cotton, which is very suitable for this purpose, more popular.
The point that needs to be made here is that cotton fibers cannot be used for carpet lint.
The next option that we need to consider in the study of yarns and fibers of handmade carpets is silk, this fiber, which is obtained from silkworm cocoons in equal proportions to the diameter, has a higher strength than wool.
The main reason for the higher price of silk woven carpets than other fibers can be considered in their hard work and high effort. In fact, when you use silk fibers, “accuracy” is the most important element of your work, which is the subject. Makes precious carpets with high ridges used for weaving.
The use of silk fibers in different parts of carpet weaving is possible, electricity and polishing and highlighting the design and role is one of these items that are common in Iranian carpets such as Nain, Kashan, Tabriz and .. Be.
In many cases, we see that it is claimed that hand-woven carpets are made of fluffy fibers, but when we look at their price, this is a bit far from the truth, it is true that these carpets are made of fine foreign wool, such as ” “Merinos” are woven and are mistakenly or intentionally introduced as fluffy carpets.
If you are familiar with the definition of crack, you will definitely understand the reason for its high price and scarcity; Fluff is actually the soft wool that grows on the bodies of sheep, goats and camels and gets stuck between the teeth when combing.
According to the definition of crack, it should be concluded that its use is only reasonable for delicate and expensive carpets.
So far we have talked about the types of handmade carpet fibers, now we need to talk about how to use these fibers in carpet lint and what method and combination of this type of yarn is used?
The first type of use of handmade carpet fibers is that both the warp and the lint are made of wool, basically this type of use goes back to areas where access to cotton is a little difficult, and in fact more of a type of texture It is considered traditional rather than industrial.
When you use wool for both yarn and lint, you will make your weave thicker and rougher, and in a way, your weave will become an underlay for busy places.
The point that needs to be paid attention to is the special features of all wool carpets, brightness, durability, strength, pain relief, suitable for health, improving blood circulation, etc.
We have talked in detail about handmade silk carpets in the past, a carpet that is both silk and fluffy can definitely be considered an exquisite rug that should be taken care of.
In fact, a rug that uses this type of yarn and fiber for weaving is a delicate effect with great beauty, which is very expensive, so it is recommended to wear these rugs in low places. And flatten the house, this will prevent it from deteriorating quickly.
So, unlike woolen carpets, all-silk carpets do not have high resistance, but their beauty and charm are very high.
In the first part of our talk, when we introduced the types of handmade carpet fibers, we did not talk about linen, the reason for this is that these fibers can only be used for wefts and its use is very common, to the extent that carpets with Wool and linen lint can be considered the most common type of weaving.
This is the most common type of coarse woven carpet that is woven in villages and small towns. Flax fibers are extracted from plant stems called fluxes. The cultivation of this plant is done annually. The upper part of the stem has several branches and on these branches, white, red, purple, azure and blue flowers can be seen.
The use of woolen and silk wefts is another method of using handmade carpet fibers, which of course is very rare, in fact, the use of 100% wool for pile and 100% silk for weft is very unusual and When it is a silk thread, silk is also used for some of the colors for the villi.
When this amount of silk is used in piles and patterns and borders are woven with silk, the term “silk flower carpet” is used for it, which is woven in cities such as Isfahan and Tabriz, and when instead of wool for the background. The use of silk is called “silk foam”.
The last option we want to check about handmade carpet fibers and types of rugs is the use of fluffy lint and silk wefts that may be replaced with linen.
As we mentioned in the previous sections, the use of crack is not very popular due to its high price and elegance, and at the same time less resistance, and their use is for the texture of luxury carpets.
We have carefully examined all the fibers of handmade carpets used in the weaving of Iranian carpets and tried to tell you all the methods of using this type of yarn and fibers, if you also have a point about these fibers. You can share it with us in the comments section.