Bete Jagah hand-woven carpet, which is also known as Saru Khamideh carpet, is known as one of the original symbols of Iranian carpet weaving, which after many years is still considered as one of the valuable visual symbols of the beloved country of Iran.
In this article about Farahan carpet, we will first examine the role and design of Bete Jaqeh, which is known as a symbolic design of ancient Iran, and then we will discuss how it is used in Iranian carpets and the best carpets woven with this design. went
Before we want to talk about how to use the design and map of Bete Jaghe in Iranian handwoven carpets, it is necessary to give a series of explanations about the role of Bete Jaghe in order to get to know it more.
Bete Jagah is known as an ancient and original Iranian ritual design. Due to its high value and popularity among Iranians, this design is used in decorating all kinds of handicrafts, especially fabrics, carpets and rugs, clay tiles, shawl weaving, textile, Khatam, Tashir and Zarbafi, cashmere and pate in various sizes and shapes. has been used.
Designers and researchers of ancient and ritual arts believe that the Bete Jaghe image is created from the combination of a flower bud and a cedar tree and is a symbol of eternal life and freedom in Zoroastrianism. According to a Zoroastrian tradition, Azadeh cypress was brought from heaven by Hazrat Zoroaster to Ghstasp, King of Kiani, and Ghstasp planted that tree as a relic of the Zoroastrian religion next to the nearest fire temple in Kashmer Khorasan until this sacred tree, which became known as Kashmer cypress, After the Arab attack on Iran by Mutawakkel; The Abbasid caliph was cut down and its wood was taken to Baghdad.
In the classical Persian language and literature, the word “bush” means (bush) and jaqeh means (feather), many experts believe that the reason for naming this design as “feather bush” is that it symbolizes the freedom and self-esteem of Iranians. .
It is interesting to know that in 1949, the Pazyrik carpet, which is known as the oldest carpet discovered in the world, was found in the excavations of the Pazyrik valley (a valley in modern Greece), while in the same excavations, a leather thermos was found. It was found that its surface was decorated with a bete motif, which scientific tests show that the age of this thermos must be something close to 2,500 years. When we put these documents together, it shows that both the Pazyrik carpet and the Bete Jagheh design are of Iranian origin.
So far, we have noticed that the hand-woven carpet of Bete Jagah is one of the famous designs of Iranian carpets, whose appearance is similar to a bent cedar. At first, the appearance of this design was in the form of the circulation of a segment of a line, the starting point of which is slightly bent (tilted head) and after a curvy circulation at the same starting point, it is joined together and its circulation is stopped. In this circulation, a shape is obtained from a narrow head and a belly in the middle.
If we want to make a simple comparison of this Iranian carpet design, it should be said that it is very similar to a teardrop with a slightly curved tip. The fruit of a pine tree, almond, fir fruit, or the bend of a cedar tree and the tip of an Indian female parrot are other similes that are used for this design in terms of appearance.
With the passage of time, the design of the hand-woven carpet of Bete Jahkei found various models compared to the initial design, which caused various types of carpets to be found, which have special specifications and characteristics, which are familiar with the most important ones below. We will be:
Badami batte design: the simplest type of batte design, which is similar to a bent cedar tree.
Gahre and Ashti design: This design, which is used as a vase and a lily flower, is a repetition of two maamalvi designs, which basically have different sizes and are placed next to each other or behind each other.
Mother and child bat design: repeating two bat designs, one big and one smaller, placed next to or inside each other, as a symbol of fertility and childbirth and showing the role of a mother in the design, and it is very similar to the model of reconciliation. is.
The design of the Kurdistan Bete Jaghe: In this design and plan, the Bete Jagheh is used in the form of analogy and on the four sides of the work of art.
Bete Jaqe Miri design: This design and design is most typical of the handwoven carpets of Sarband city, which is very similar to a pine tree.
Deer antler design: In this design, the head of the design has complex motifs like deer antlers.
Read more: Carpet folding and how to do it correctly
As we have stated so far, the variety of designs of hand-woven carpets with bate-jakei is very large, and there are different areas in Iran that weave carpets with bate-jakei pattern, but there are areas in between that do this in a more professional manner. And they follow a more specialized one, which we will talk about in the following:
Bete Jaqeh silk carpet: In recent decades, Qom carpet has been famous and attractive due to the unique beauty of design, pattern and color along with silk. The designs used in Qom carpet are very diverse and have a wide range.
Among the designs and patterns woven in Qom, the hand-woven Zare and half-full silk rugs of Bete Jakei are among the best options available in the Iranian market, which are extremely popular and beautiful among Bete Jakei designs.
Bete Jaghe Nain carpet: Bete Jaghe Nain pattern is one of the famous Iranian designs that is used in many Iranian arts and industries, especially in the carpet and rug weaving industry. Nain’s hand-woven rug with a special design and pattern, has a large rug in the center, and with a non-repeating and all-over background, it has created a unique effect. To learn about Nain carpets, you can read this Farhan carpet article (click here)
Kashan Bete Jagheh carpet: Kashan hand-woven carpet can definitely be called one of the best examples of hand-woven carpets in Iran and the world. Since Kashan is known as the world’s largest machine-made carpet production center with the export of 70% of Iran’s machine-made carpets, perhaps many of us are not familiar with the hand-woven carpets of this region, while the basis and principle of woven carpets in this area is These types of carpets have started.
One of the distinctive characteristics of the carpet texture of the carpet in Kashan is the use of silk and Kashan fluff yarn with a high index, which makes their texture more delicate and soft than other options, and of course, it has a higher price.
The design of the Kurdistan jacket: the people of Kurdistan province have been one of the main areas of livestock breeding in Iran for a long time due to the very suitable climatic conditions, and because of this issue and easy access to sheep wool, they are considered one of the first areas of Iran to weave Hand-woven rugs and carpets started to operate, and Sanandaj is considered one of the main centers of carpet weaving in this province.
Because of the use of wool in its texture, the hand-woven carpet of Sanandaj rug is more economical to buy than other options, and on the other hand, the use of cotton in the pile and weft of the carpets of this region makes them more durable and quality compared to competitors. has increased So, if you are looking to buy a rug for high-traffic areas, Sanandaj rugs are one of the best shopping options for you.
In this article, we have tried to carefully review and study all the necessary points about the hand-woven carpet and how to buy it for you. If you have any questions about buying these rugs, you can share them with us in the comments section.