Bakhtiari handmade carpet is a clear example of proud art that by hearing its name and Bakhtiari tribe subconsciously achieves a sense of pride and originality to us Iranians. In this article, we ask Farahan carpet collection about carpets with Let’s talk about the value and originality that has been woven using the art of the zealous girls and women of Chaharmahal province. Do not forget that the designs, colors and patterns used in these carpets are just a small display of the art of the people of this zealous region, and sometimes it is wrong to put a price on these works.
The name of Bakhtiari tribe and Chaharmahal province is associated with nomads who are considered to be the oldest noble people of Iran, whose zeal has always been on languages, but Bakhtiari handmade carpets can not be limited to nomads and carpets from villagers and urbanites The weaver of this province was unaware.
In Chaharmahal province and among the people of this province, art and production of various handicrafts are somehow mixed with the skin and blood of the people, and carpet is only one option and, of course, the most important item among the various models of handicrafts in this city.
Bakhtiari women and girls use a method that is less common in other parts of Iran and even the world, they do not use any designs for their tissues and use mental roles for their tissues. کردن.
The creation of such attractive and beautiful works without a map shows that art is woven into the blood of the people of this region, and there are only times when maps are used to produce a custom work.
When you do not use the pattern you want to produce your knitwear, you will subconsciously prevent duplication and uniformity of designs, and each of your works is a unique model, this is the main advantage of Bakhtiari handmade carpets.
Since hand-woven carpets are woven in this region of Iran in different types and designs, at the beginning of the work, we will take a general look at the cities and villages of this province, which are the main centers of Bakhtiari hand-woven carpets, and we will review them together. :
If we want to introduce the areas in Chaharmahal province that are weaving hand-woven carpets, the whole province must answer very quickly !! But here we will try to introduce to you the important centers where handmade carpets are produced in different types and designs and are also considered as a kind of center for buying and selling carpets.
There are two general categories for weavers in Chaharmahal province, which can include all weavers in one of these two categories:
The first category is the Qashqai carpet, which can be considered the result of the art of men and women of the Qashqai Turks of Chaharmahal province.
The second category) Bakhtiari hand-woven carpet, which can be attributed to the racial origin of Lor and it can be considered as the product of hand weavers of Bakhtiari tribes and Lor Bakhtiari tribes.
If we want to briefly introduce the list of Bakhtiari and Chaharmahal handmade carpet centers to you, we must say: Saman, Ashgfatak, Pirblut, Arjang, Vardanjan, Frieden, Borujen, Beldaji, Faradbneh, Hirgan, Baba Haidar, Ardal and the tribe of children in the next part We will examine in detail the most important of these options for you:
Beldaji: A city located in the southern part of this province and the woven carpets in this city are basically in a single fabric and coarse woven, which are very strong and durable.
Shahrekord: This city, which is also the capital of Chaharmahal province, is a center for the production of two-ply carpets. Most of the products of this city have a bright and shiny color that is woven in broken designs and models.
Frieden: A small town in the northern part of the province where most of the inhabitants are Armenians and woven carpets can be easily identified almost everywhere, because the use of bright and cheerful colors such as cream pink and light green makes a special effect. Produced in this area, the type of texture used in this area is also a large model.
Forty camels: Or more challenging, if you are looking to buy and price a cheap handmade carpet, do not go too far to the products of this village! A village near Shahrekord, which is the main center of Bakhtiari Zarif hand-woven carpets, and basically only special and first-class products are woven.
Most of the carpets produced in this village have used frame and brick designs for production, and the issue that has made them special is the use of semi-circular designs.
Saman: This area, like forty camels, is more inclined to weave the products of two high-quality fabrics, which, of course, is a subject that can be considered a symbol of the carpets in this area. He knew their framing.
When it comes to Bakhtiari handmade carpet designs and designs, the variety of colors and models is the most obvious feature that can be talked about.
The use of cotton thread and wool fabric in Bakhtiari carpets has caused the products of this region to have a very low weight compared to other hand-woven carpets, which makes it a good option in terms of quality, especially for choosing second-hand hand-woven carpets.
In addition, the use of rhombus and square designs, in which the motifs of animals and plants are displayed, has given a special originality and charm to the woven carpets of this region.
In the previous sections, we mentioned that the woven designs in Chaharmahal province are classified into two main models, Qashqai and Bakhtiari. If we want to name all these designs in the title, we must say:
A) Bakhtiari handmade carpet
Brick (animal animal brick flower and plant brick)
Toranji (elastic and bergamot)
Cedar and pine samovar frame (trick)
Enamel flower (aristocratic flower)
Wine pot (blanket flower, jar pot)
Pots and trees
B) Qashqai handmade carpets
Toranji (a pond)
Note: Among the types of models and drawings mentioned above, the brick design, which is a very well-known option, is considered equivalent to Bakhtiari handmade carpets in many cases, and among all the models, the garden brick design with bricks It is decorated with plants and flowers are very popular options.
When it comes to recognizing the features of a Bakhtiari handmade rug, you need to have an overview of the subject and check all the things you need to know about a rug.
We’ve talked enough about woven areas and designs in previous sections, and here are some of the appearances that can influence your choice of purchase and pricing:
An issue that can be introduced as a major advantage of Bakhtiari hand-woven carpets, especially in the past, is that Bakhtiari nomadic women at certain times and during their migrations collected plants that they could naturally use to dye their carpet fibers. They collected and dried.
After this stage, with the knowledge that they had of these plants, they were boiled in water of different models and their pigments were extracted, and it was made in a natural way, using sour pomegranate juice, with natural quality colors. They got.
Of course, it can be said that due to the great difficulty of working in modern handmade carpets , this type of quality dyeing method is unfortunately becoming obsolete and is being replaced by the use of chemical dyes.
After this issue, it is time to choose the type of colors used in accordance with the selected designs. The type and method of color selection in Bakhtiari hand-woven carpet is one of the most important features known in these carpets.
The type of lacquer paint used and also the special green of Bakhtiari carpet is one of the most important features of carpet colors in this province, which is different from other similar items in other Iranian carpets. The colors used in these rugs are mostly red, light blue, garlic blue, green, orange and yellow.
Although it is a good option in terms of variety of Bakhtiari carpets, but basically the size of Bakhtiari handmade carpets is small, the dimensions of its rugs are 2.40 × 1.30 meters and its average cut is 3.4 × 2.5 meters, and then there are large carpets. Square carpets are sometimes seen among them.
In Bakhtiari handmade carpets, most of the time, the weave of the sides is wide, long and head, and it is very popular among weavers.